Encephalitis and Hearing Loss


Encephalitis is acute (severe) inflammation (swelling up) of the brain due to either viral infection or when the body's own immune system attacks brain tissues by mistake (know as autoimmune).

Any infection which is resulted from bacteria, fungi, viruses or parasites can cause encephalitis. These infection can happen to healthy people who do not have any other disease. Medications and autoimmune (which are non-infectious) can also cause Encephalitis.

The Ear, Hearing and Encephalitis

Encephalitis is a disease with a very strong link to hearing loss/impairment. Encephalitis is also sometimes responsible for sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL). SSHL is one of three types of hearing impairment happens in the inner ear. More information about SSHL can be fond in the section about types of hearing loss.


About 60% of all encephalitis cases remain undiagnosed, and this is an active area of research. Antiviral drugs can be used to treat viral encephalitis. If one suffers hearing loss due to encephalitis then there are hearing equipments available in the market which can help in getting the hearing back.

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